The National Institutes of Technology (NITs) are a group of Public Engineering institutes of India . On their inception decades ago, all NITs were referred as Regional Engineering Colleges (RECs) and were governed by their respective state governments. In 2002, MHRD decided to upgrade RECs to "National Institutes of Technology" (NITs) instead of creating more IITs. The Central Government controls all the NITs and provides all funding. In 2003, all RECs became NITs and are granted Deemed University status. In 2007, through NIT Bill, the Indian government declared these schools as Institute of National Importance. NITs offer degree courses at bachelors, masters, and doctorate levels in various branches of engineering and technology. Various nationwide college surveys rate most of the NITs over other colleges in India, except for the IITs and a few other institutions. NITs function autonomously, similarly to IITs, sharing only entrance tests. The autonomy enables the NITs to set up their own curriculum, thereby making it easier to adapt to changing industry requirements.

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